készíti: Gellért Ádám
email/elérhetőség: gadam107@yahoo.com

“The only necessary for "evil" to triumph is for a few good men to do nothing”

2009. augusztus 16., vasárnap

Nemzetközi szerződések alkalmazása az Egyesült Államokban - adalék a Medellin v. Texas ítélethez

Ajánlom David H. Moore cikkét, a ‘Law(Makers) of the Land: The Doctrine of Treaty Non-Self-Execution’. A tartalma röviden:

“Last year, in Medellin v. Texas, the Supreme Court handed down its most important decision on the domestic status of treaties in almost two hundred years. The Court concluded that the International Court of Justice’s (ICJ) judgment in the Case Concerning Avena and Other Mexican Nationals is not binding federal law because the treaties rendering the judgment compulsory on the international stage are not self-executing.

In the wake of that decision, Professor Carlos Vázquez, one of the foremost scholars on U.S. treaty law, has argued that one strain of the doctrine of non-self-execution - which I term the Foster doctrine - is invalid. The Foster doctrine emerges from what Vázquez considers an improper reading of the Supreme Court’s foundational decision in Foster v. Neilson. The doctrine assumes that a treaty may itself, by means short of a clear stipulation that the treaty requires legislative implementation, indicate that it is domestically unenforceable.

Vázquez’s assault on this doctrine is full bodied. He argues that this brand of non-self-execution is inconsistent with the Constitution, long-standing precedent, other manifestations of the non-self execution doctrine, and the best reading of Medellin. This essay challenges each assertion.”

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